In many parts of the world, rural women account for nearly half of the agricultural workforce and they commonly face discrimination at both societal levels and within their own households, which has profound effects on their Right to Food and food security.
Women farmers play a fundamental role in ensuring food security, particularly in rural societies but lack of training, impaired access to resources, and exclusion from decision-making power often result in yields up to 30% lower than those of male farmers.
Although women are responsible for about half of the world’s food production, female nutrition indicators, across all age groups, are worse than those of their male counterparts.
As a consequence, women farmers adjust to reduced food purchasing power by shifting to cheaper, less diverse diets.
Due to the nature of their role in farming, women farmers are often more exposed to the health hazards of harmful agricultural inputs than men.
Organic agriculture can support by:
- Ensuring that women, who have in most cultures a central role in caring for the diet of the household, can have access to healthier, diversified and nutritious food.
- Providing sustainable agricultural practices that avoid the use of chemical inputs, such as pesticides, which negatively impact women farmers’ health.
- Promoting knowledge-intensive practices, through technical information and training, which empowers women to act autonomously and independently.